A report by the TUC has uncovered that the disability pay gap is at its highest since comparable data statistics on the issue were first published in 2013.
Disability Pay Gap
In a report entitled Disability Employment and Pay Gaps 2018, the TUC found that disabled workers earn on average £1.50 less per hour compared with those without a disability, meaning that the disability pay gap is at its highest since comparable data statistics, using the Equality Act 2010 definition of disability, were first published in 2013. It represents an average disability pay gap of 15%, which is considerably higher than the median gender pay gap of 9.7%. On a 35 hour week, this means that a disabled person earns on average £2,730.00 less than a non-disabled worker per year.
The TUC also found that only 49.2% of disabled persons were in work, compared with 80.6 of non-disabled workers. Accordingly, this represents a disability employment gap of 31.4%.
Women with a disability had a larger pay gap compared with men with a disability.
The main reasons for the disability pay gap according to the TUC were as follows:-
- There is a higher proportion of disabled people in part-time work (36.3%), compared with non-disabled workers (23.4%)
- Disabled workers tend to work in lower paid professions compared with non-disabled people
Reaction To The TUC Report
In response to the report, Frances O’Grady, the TUC general secretary, stated: “Too many disabled people face lower pay and worse jobs than their non-disabled peers. New rules to make bosses reveal gender pay gaps have been successful at shining a light on the problem. We’d like the government to consider a similar law requiring employers to publish their disability pay gap, along with the steps they will take to close it. The government should also reverse cuts to disability benefits, which are making it harder for disabled people to cover extra costs to get to work. And employers should talk to their disabled workers about how to make work more accessible. Disabled people can get help by joining a union. Unions reps have experience negotiating with employers to get the support disabled workers need. And they can help make it easier getting to work and being in a job.”